Current State of Higher Education System in India



No doubt, Education has attained a key position in the knowledge society both at national and global level. Over the last two decades, India has remarkably transformed its higher education landscape. However, there are several challenges in India’s traditional higher education system, which has grown and transformed over the years. The challenges faced are immense and far-reaching. One of the major problems is the amount of time and effort required to manage an institution or a campus. Functions like HR, inventory management, funds management, and the associated reporting involved, can get extremely challenging in large institutions or campuses. Therefore, as the size of an institution grows, it requires an effective campus management system to run efficiently.

Students have increasing demands and expectations of their educational experience. Prospective students are becoming more consumer-orientated and making decisions about education accordingly. Students are looking for access to services and education across new technologies and more flexible delivery options. Today’s teaching methods and knowledge delivery need to align with student consumption preferences. In order to be competitive and to meet these expectations, universities will need to invest in expensive facilities and infrastructure. So far the Indian institutions have been relying on traditional methods of managing the interaction between faculties, students, and departments.

With ever-tightening budgets, higher education institutions struggle to respond to rising expectations for better outcomes and greater efficiencies. Learners expect a personalized and collaborative educational experience, and researchers need instant access to deep computing resources.

Educational institutions are burdened by cumbersome paperwork and manual processes, and they find it difficult to maintain records on attendance, fees, admissions, transport, etc., and track the information they need. All the student records are managed in piles of papers and heaps of files. It is a difficult task to keep track of all the records and one had to put in serious efforts by spending an entire day to retrieve data from the storage. There are many chances of data loss either by misplacement or unauthorized access or damage.

Institutions may find themselves running many different software systems across multiple departments. There is apparently no unified platform to provide seamless communication between students, administrators, staff, and teachers. Moreover, increasing student discipline incidents happen as a result of big communication gap between students and teachers. Teachers are struggling to monitor student’s activities including attendance, leave, discipline, assignments, etc. Administrators are lacking in result-based monitoring tools to track student progress. Institutions are unable to manage information and there are endless delays in taking decisions based on complete analysis.

India needs to invest in technological infrastructure if it has to teach all of its huge population, the majority of which is located in remote locations. We need to create such educational delivery mechanisms that can actually take the wealth of human knowledge to the masses. The tools for this dissemination will be affordable smart phones, tablets, and computers with high-speed internet connection. While all these are becoming more possible than ever before, there is a lot of innovation yet to take place in this space. Higher education in India is ridden with complex issues which need immediate and comprehensive attention.

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